Cavity Filling: Step by Step Procedure and Types

Cavity Filling: Step by Step Procedure and Types

November 1, 2023

Dental fillings are vital for preserving oral health, as they tackle tooth decay, often referred to as cavities. These cavities develop due to the presence of acid-producing bacteria in the mouth, which thrive on sugars and starches. At Brite White Dental, we understand the significance of proper dental care, including the importance of monitoring your diet and nutrient levels in the body to reduce the risk of tooth decay. In this blog, we will discuss the various dental filling options, the steps in the tooth filling process, and the considerations that determine the selection of filling material.

Understanding Cavity Fillings

Dental fillings near you are akin to the repair work performed on potholed roads using materials like cement or asphalt. Similarly, they are used to restore teeth damaged by decay or wear and tear caused by habits such as nail biting or bruxism (tooth grinding). At a dental practice located in Manton, our skilled dentist carefully assesses each patient’s unique situation to determine the most suitable filling type. In cases where fillings alone may not suffice, we may recommend crowns, bridges, or veneers to ensure the preservation of your dental health.

Cavity Filling Procedure

The process of filling a tooth involves several essential steps, ensuring that the decayed tooth is thoroughly treated:

  • Anaesthesia: Before commencing any dental procedure, we prioritize your comfort and use local anaesthesia to numb the area around the affected tooth.
  • Preparation: Using a handpiece, laser, or abrasion instrument, we carefully remove the decayed portion of the tooth, preparing it for the filling.
  • Probing and Testing: To guarantee the complete removal of decay, we meticulously examine the tooth and its cavity, only proceeding once the tooth’s healthy parts remain.
  • Cleanup: We clean the cavity to remove any bacteria and debris, preventing potential infections and complications. Some patients choose to have us treat the area with ozone as well.
  • Liner (if needed): In cases where the decay reaches the tooth’s nerve, we place a liner made of composite resin or glass ionomer to protect the nerve.
  • Filling: Once the tooth is suitably prepared, we insert the chosen filling material, using techniques such as light curing to ensure proper placement.

Additional Steps for Tooth-Colored Fillings

When applying tooth-coloured fillings, we follow an extended process to ensure a seamless result:

  • Multilayered Filling Application: We apply the composite resin material in layers to enhance durability and prevent premature wear.
  • Special Light Curing: After each layer, we use a specialized light to harden and cure the filling, ensuring a strong bond with the tooth.
  • Shaping: Our dentist meticulously shapes the composite resin to achieve the desired appearance and functionality.
  • Trim Excess Material: If necessary, we trim any excess material and verify your bite to ensure proper alignment.
  • Polishing: The final touch involves polishing the tooth-coloured filling to match your natural tooth enamel seamlessly.

Types of Cavity Filling Materials

DIRECT Gold Fillings: Known for their durability, gold fillings can last up to 15 years. While they come at a higher cost, some patients prefer their aesthetics and strength. (Not offered at BWD)

Silver Fillings (Amalgams): Amalgam fillings are cost-effective and durable, lasting a decade or more. However, their silver appearance can be less appealing, and they may cause tooth discolouration and fracture. (Also not offered at BWD)

Tooth-Coloured Composites: Composite fillings in Manton blend seamlessly with natural teeth, making them ideal for visible areas. They bond chemically to the tooth, preserving more of your natural structure. However, they are less durable and may require more frequent replacements than an indirect restoration such as a crown, inlay or onlay.

Additional Tooth-Colored Fillings

Ceramics: Porcelain-based ceramic fillings are resistant to staining but are more expensive.

Glass Ionomer: This filling releases fluoride to protect against further decay. While less durable, it is a suitable option for specific situations like root surface decay.

In Conclusion

At Brite White Dental, dental fillings are a vital part of our commitment to preserving your oral health. Our skilled dentist adheres to a meticulous method, prioritizing your comfort and satisfaction at every step. We provide a range of filling options in Manton, MI, including alternatives to mercury, ensuring both aesthetics and function. Regardless of the complexity of your dental needs, our devoted team is committed to delivering top-notch care. Trust us with your dental health, and together, we’ll achieve a brighter, healthier smile.

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